The Dow Chemical Company
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Dow Chemical is second only to DuPont in the U.S, earning $1.3 billion on sales of $18.4 billion in 1998. It now operates 181 plants in 32 countries producing over 2,000 chemicals, plastics, pesticides and herbicides. Dioxin-related illness, death, and deformity worldwide can be attributed to Dow, through its creation of organochlorine aliphatic and aromatic polymers, feedstocks, and agricultural chemicals. Agent Orange, napalm, and Dursban stand out as examples of Dow technology. Dow was actively involved in Pennsylvania prison experiments in the 60s when researchers applied pure dioxin (2,3,7,8 TCDD) directly to prisoners' skin.

Agent Orange

Between 1962 and 1971, the U.S dumped over 19 million gallons of the defoliant, Agent Orange over 4.5 million acres of Vietnam to make it harder for the Peoples’ Liberation Army guerrillas to hide. Dow was one of the principal manufacturers of Agent Orange to which millions of Vietnamese people were exposed during the war.

It is estimated that today approximately a million people have disabilities or other health problems associated with Agent Orange. Studies estimate that approximately 100,000 of these adversely affected people are disabled children.

The health effects of Agent Orange include various cancers, brain diseases, birth defects, miscarriages, cerebral palsy, liver and kidney diseases, intestinal ulcers and immune deficiency resulting in increased rates of infectious diseases.

In 1984, Dow and the other chemical companies that produced Agent Orange and other defoliants paid $180 million to settle a class action suit brought by U.S war veterans who were exposed to the defoliants. The Vietnamese victims of Agent Orange have received no compensation.


Dursban is the brand name for an organophosphate pesticide that kills animals by attacking their nervous system.

Organophosphates were first developed by Nazi scientists as chemical warfare agents in the 1930s. Dow sells U.S $500 million worth of Dursban every year worldwide. It is used for killing termites, cockroaches, ants, fleas and other household insects.

On June 8, 2000 the U.S Environmental Protection Agency announced a ban on virtually all uses of Dursban in residential and commercial buildings in the U.S. The ban was based on the reported chronic effects of Dursban and especially effects on the brains of growing children.

Dursban is known to cause multiple chemical sensitivity, neurobehavioral problems and peripheral neuropathy. Exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy has been associated with a unique pattern of birth defects affecting the head, face, ears, eyes, digestive tract and genitals.

Dow continues to push Dursban in India. Its sales brochures falsely claim that it has "an established record of safety regarding humans and pets".

Dow - coming soon
to a place near you

India figures high in Dow’s investment plans for the future. In September 2000 they announced plans to invest U.S 1 billion to set up a Naphtha cracking unit in western India. Dow currently has, at a minimum, the following subsidiaries located in Mumbai (1,2,4) and Chennai (3):

1. Dow Chemical (India) Private Ltd. Dow is 100% owner. (Marketing and Sales).

2. Dow Chemical International Private Ltd. Dow is 100% owner. (Marketing and Sales).

3. Anabond Essex India Private Limited. 50% owned by a New Jersey corporation, Essex Specialty Products, Inc., which in turn is 100% owned by Dow. (Importer and Maufacturer)

4. DE-NOCIL Crop Protection Ltd., a joint venture which is 51% owned by Dow through various subsidiaries. (Production and sale of pesticides).

DE-NOCIL comes from DE (formerly Dow Elanco) + NOCIL (National Organic Chemical India, Ltd.). It also participates in global generic product development, sales of herbicides and operates an agricultural chemical plant in India.