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This page isn’t intended to be a definitive repository for Bhopal-related information; that’s what books are for. But this page does helpfully categorize information resources by subject, and the casual researcher should be able to find everything they need here. For specific inquiries, please contact Shana.

Organizing Materials Documentation: Union Carbide & Dow
Factsheets Dow's Lies
Fact-Finding Reports Shareholder/Financial
Medical Information The Campaign
Chemical Contamination Economic & Social Condition
Legal: Civil Actions Resolutions & Letters
Legal: Criminal Actions Books
Tribunals & Charters Articles

Organizing Materials

..........Students for Bhopal: A beautiful trifold flyer about SfB - it's best to set your printer options to duplex short-edge flip before printing (doc)
..........ICJB: A trifold flyer about the International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal (doc)
..........• Sambhavna: A gorgeous trifold flyer (front/back; pdf) about the Sambhavna Clinic in Bhopal
..........• Students for Bhopal campaign sheet (doc)
..........25 things YOU can do for Bhopal (doc)
..........• How to research Dow’s connections with your school (doc)
..........• An SfB Media Kit! (developed for the March to Delhi; doc)
..........High School actions: 20 ways to get involved (doc)
..........• Handy quartersheets about Bhopal (doc)

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..........• Read our latest generic Bhopal factsheet in 2-page or 3-page format! (pdf)
..........• A Bhopal FAQ (doc)
..........• A Legal FAQ (doc)!
..........• A one-page Bhopal factsheet (doc)
..........Liability factsheet: The truth about Dow's liabilities in Bhopal (doc)
..........Medical factsheet: A 4-page catalogue of the medical disaster in Bhopal (doc)
..........Myths & Realities: A Greenpeace factsheet which deconstructs the Dow-Carbide spin (pdf)
..........BGPMSKS: a trade union of gas-affected women in Bhopal, and one of the leading survivors organizations in the struggle for justice in Bhopal (doc)
..........Select chronology: Six specific timelines for Warren Anderson, the medical situation, Carbide's culpability, compensation, the Bhopal Memorial Hospital Trust, and contamination (doc)
..........Legal chronology: Recounts the 20-year legal history since the disaster (doc)
.......... Complete chronology: A lengthy (16 pages) history since the disaster (doc)
..........Healthcare in Bhopal: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Medical Research: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Health Surveillance: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Community Health: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Women's Health: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Next Generation: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Mental Health: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Alternative Health Care: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Bhopal Memorial Hospital Trust: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Economic Rehabilitation: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Compensation: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Social Support: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Remember Bhopal: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Uncertainty of Relief Resources: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Corruption: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Water Contamination: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Clean Water: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Clean-up: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........• Victims of Environmental Disaster: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Human Rights: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........National Commission: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Legal Action in the USA: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Prosecution of Foreign Accused: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Prosecution of Indian Accused: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Dow: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........Dursban: a factsheet developed for the Feb/March 2006 March to Delhi (pdf)
..........• An excellent, excellent factsheet prepared in advance of the 21st anniversary. Available in both US (doc/pdf) and A4 (doc/pdf) format.

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Fact-Finding Reports

..........Clouds of Injustice (2004) by Amnesty International
..........Fact Finding Mission on Bhopal (1999-present): a comprehensive series of 15 fact finding reports
..........The Accident in Bhopal: Observations 20 Years Later (2006): this paper was presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers 2006 Spring National Meeting, and it thoroughly dismisses the "sabotage theory" and expresses dismay about the current state of the factory.
..........ICFTU-ICEF (1985): a report by the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions and the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, and General Workers Unions
..........Closer to Reality: Reporting Bhopal twenty years after the Gas Tragedy (2005) by We for Bhopal, a student group at Delhi University
..........• This report (Part 1: report and Part 2: interviews; 2006) by Swiss student Matthias Stucki examines the attitudes of leading government officials and others in authority to determine why so little has been done after so long. More than 30 officials were invited to participate; of these, 13 sat down for 20-40 minute interviews that were often illuminating in their candor - or lack thereof.

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Medical Information

..........• The Sambhavna Clinic. Sambhavna provides free medical care to thousands of gas victims, and their website is a wealth of medical information.
..........Death & injury toll: background on the estimates and how they were arrived at.
..........• A comprehensive compilation of medical studies and research about the disaster and its aftermath.
..........JAMA: A 2003 study (Ranjan, N. a. S., Satinath et al.) published in the Journal of the American Medical Association on the effects of methyl isocyanate exposure on the growth of adolescents born to gas-affected parents in Bhopal (pdf)
..........Health Effects of the Toxic Gas Leak from the Union Carbide Methyl Isocyanate Plant in Bhopal - Technical Report on Population Based Long Term, Epidemiological Studies (1985-1994) by the Indian Council of Medical research.
..........Hemoglobin Level Survey. Results of testing Haemoglobin levels among residents of Atal-Ayub Nagar [groundwater-contaminated] through five health checkup camps organized in the community from July 15, 2000 to December 2000 (pdf)
..........Mental Health Report (2002) Murthy, Srinivasa R. Mental health impact of Bhopal gas disaster (pdf)
..........Study of Health Clinics in Gas Affected Bhopal (2002) Nash, Jonathan. The main objective of this excellent study done by Jonathan Nash was "to find out how private health clinics in gas-affected Bhopal operate on a day-to-day basis" (pdf)
..........Report of the Hospital Monitoring Committee (2005) Second report of the Monitoring Committee On Medical rehabilitation of Bhopal gas victims
..........• A comparison of the three medical providers to the gas-affected people of Bhopal (2000).
..........• This study analyzes the efficacy of prescription medication distributed to gas-affected people at the Bhopal Memorial Hospital Trust (BMHT).
..........• In this paper, Devaki Nambiar, a doctoral candidate at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health examines the chemical industry's response to the Bhopal disaster - a code of conduct they call "Responsible Care" - through the critical lens of efficacy, toxic environmental exposure, and public health (2005).

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Chemical Contamination

..........• An electronic tour of the contamination in Bhopal.
..........• A report detailing the history of extensive toxic contamination at Union Carbide’s Bhopal factory and its impact on local communities.
..........Bhopal water: a brief summary of the contamination (pdf)
..........Water survey: A ground water contamination survey taken in 2003 (pdf)
..........Chemical profiles of the contaminants found in a typical glass of Bhopal water.
..........Carbide dumping: chemicals dumped by Union Carbide in and around the factory site from 1969 to 1984.
..........Contamination brief: a 16-page overview of the contamination in Bhopal, Oct. 2005.
..........Technical guidelines, Johnston, R. S. a. P. Greenpeace Research Laboratories, 2002. Estimates the cost of a Bhopal cleanup at approximately $500 million (pdf)
..........Site remediation: detailed recommendations developed by an independent panel of analysts in late 2004 (doc)
..........Bhopal Legacy, a 1999 report by Greenpeace that summarizes research findings of toxic contaminations at the former Union Carbide factory site 15 years after the gas disaster (719 Kb pdf)
..........Chemical Stockpiles in Bhopal, a 2002 report by Greenpeace (2.4 MB pdf)
..........Surviving Bhopal 2002: Toxic Present, Toxic Future. A report by the Fact Finding Mission on Bhopal. Lead, mercury and organochlorines found in breast milk of local women (1.1 MB doc)

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Legal: Civil Actions

..........Background: this site provides an overview and links to many of the relevant documents.
..........No Objection Certificate: read the official letter (June 2004) in which the Government of India asks a New York court to consider forcing Union Carbide to clean up the Bhopal factory site it abandoned (pdf)
..........Early legal documents: you’ll find many of them here.
..........Melvin Belli: read this humorous profile of the disaster-chasing lawyer.
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: read the original Nov. 1999 lawsuit.
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: read the amended class action plaint (Feb. 2000).
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: read the full class action lawsuit (April 2000).
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: read the 2001 Second Circuit Court opinion reinstating the case (rtf)
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: Judge Keenan’s second dismissal (March, 2003).
..........Bano v. Union Carbide Corp.: read the 2004 Second Circuit Court opinion reinstating the case (pdf)
..........Dow v. ICJB: read the text of the lawsuit Dow filed against Bhopal victims in 2002.

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Legal: Criminal Actions

..........Dow summons: Jan. 6, 2005 order issued by the Chief Judicial Magistrate's court in Bhopal. Demands that Dow present itself to explain why it continues to harbor its subsidiary, Union Carbide, from trial before the court (pdf)
..........• Depositions in the criminal case, Jan 2000.
..........• Depositions in the criminal case, March 2000.
..........• Depositions in the criminal case, May 2000.
..........• Depositions in the criminal case, June 2000.

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Tribunals & Charters

..........Final judgment of the Permanent Peoples' Tribunal on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights, held in London from November 28 - December 2nd, 1994, to mark the tenth anniversary of the Bhopal disaster (pdf)
..........• The Permanent People's Tribunal Charter on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights (1996) was written in response to the Bhopal disaster as guidelines for the behavior of multinational corporations.
..........Bhopal Principles on Corporate Accountability, Earth Summit 2002, Rio. Greenpeace takes Bhopal as a case study for designing guiding principles for corporate accountability.

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Documentation: Union Carbide & Dow

..........Poison papers: Union Carbide documentation, obtained through discovery – an analysis.
..........Excerpts from Carbide’s poison papers.
..........Full citations from Carbide’s poison papers.
..........Unproven technology: Carbide documents prove the company knew the risks – and took them – in a decision that cost 20,000 lives.
..........Factory Inspector's Report: this 1982 Carbide report enumerated many safety violations at the Bhopal plant before the gas disaster (pdf)
..........Investigation of Large-Magnitude Incidents: Bhopal as a Case Study (1988). The only study ever to conclude sabotage as a cause of the disaster, fully-funded by Union Carbide (pdf)
..........CEO letter: An Open Letter to all Employees on the Tragedy in Bhopal (2002) by Michael Parker, Dow CEO (pdf)
..........Dow statement: 2003.

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Dow's Lies

..........Bhopal.con: Carbide’s Bhopal spin site dismantled.
..........Deconstructing Dow/Carbide’s PR: a fabulous and detailed debunking of Dow’s Bhopal position statement (2003).

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..........This site contains many of the documents relating the shareholder actions against Dow.
..........2004 Shareholder’s Resolution on Bhopal: includes Dow’s recommendation that shareholders "vote AGAINST this proposal."
..........Dow Chemical: Risks for Investors: April 2004 report by Innovest Strategic Value Advisors (pdf)
..........SEC letter: Read the letter to the Securities and Exchange Commission that several Dow shareholders filed in August, 2004, asking the SEC to investigate Dow's "materially misleading" statements (pdf)
..........Carbide merger: Read the letter that Bhopal survivors sent to Dow in opposition to the merger (and why).

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The Campaign

..........Long Walk to Delhi: read about the 360 mile march that 100 women gas survivors undertook in 1989 to petition the Prime Minister.
..........Jhadoo Maaro Dow Ko: "Beat Dow with a Broom" campaign launched by the survivors.
..........People vs Poison: An account of the survivors' attempt to begin the clean-up of the factory.
..........Of Death in Bhopal and Dinner in Babylon: The discovery of Warren Anderson.
..........Trade union: gas-affected women workers attack MP government’s ‘inhumane discrimination.’
..........ICJB: The international campaign against Dow is launched.
..........Media analysis: how the media has covered Bhopal.
..........1999/2000 media coverage archive.
..........2002 media coverage archive.
..........2004-2005 media coverage archive.

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Economic & Social Condition

..........Compensation Community Survey (2002). Survey of Compensation among residents of Jaiprakash Nagar (pdf)

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Resolutions & Letters

..........US Congress. Letter to Dow signed by 18 members. Dated July 18, 2003. Members write: “More disturbing is the manner in which Union Carbide and Dow Chemical have ignored the summons of the Bhopal court. This exposes a blatant disregard for the law.”

..........US Congress. Letter to Indian Prime Minister Singh signed by 20 members. Dated March 23, 2006. Members write: “After all this time, it is difficult to understand why so few steps have been taken to alleviate the suffering of the Bhopal survivors. The Indian Government has repeatedly said that justice will be served, but has exemplified no commitment to this end. At a time when a new generation of victims is surfacing among children born to gas-affected parents and those exposed to contaminated drinking water, the Government must take care of those affected by this horriffic tragedy. In addition, they must hold Union Carbide and its parent company Dow Chemical responsible for the disaster."

..........US Congress. Resolution proposed September 29, 2004. The resolution calls upon Dow to completely restore the polluted plant site to a habitable condition, fully remedy the drinking water supply, and produce Union Carbide to face criminal trial in the Bhopal court. So far co-sponsors of the resolution, which was referred to the House Committee on International Relations, include: Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Karen McCarthy (D-MO), Ed Towns (D-NY), Jim McDermott (D-WA), Nick Lampson (D-TX), Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Michael McNulty (D-NY), Joe Crowley (D-NY), and Jan Schakowsky (D-IL). Read the text here (pdf)

..........European Union Parliament. Resolution passed December 17, 2004. Read the text here.

..........European Union Parliament. Resolution passed October, 2005. The resolution notes that twenty years after the Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal, the site has still not been cleaned up and calls on the Indian authorities and on Dow Chemicals to clean up the toxic waste immediately. Read the text here.

..........European Union Parliament. Resolution proposed, 1999.

..........UK House of Commons. Early Day Motion, proposed March 24th, 2003. Supported by 61 MPs.

"Mahon/Alice, MP

DESCRIPTION :: That this House is appalled by the continuing suffering of the people of Bhopal 18 years after the world's worst environmental disaster; notes that the contaminated land on the site of the disaster has never been cleaned up, that high quantities of lead and organochlorines continue to be found in the breast milk of local women and that the local population is plagued by ill health and birth deformities; congratulates the work of the Sambhavna medical clinic in treating survivors and that of the International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal in trying to make Union Carbide and its present owner Dow Chemical face up to their moral and legal responsibilities; and further applauds the campaign for the extradition from the USA of former Union Carbide CEO Warren Anderson, wanted in India on criminal charges of culpable homicide in connection with the deaths of 20,000 people."

..........City of San Francisco. Resolution passed April 15, 2004. Read the text here.

..........City of Seattle. Proclamation passed Nov. 28, 2005.

..........City of Boston. Letter signed by three members of the City Council. Dated May 12, 2004.

..........University of Michigan student government. Resolution passed March 17, 2003. A copy of the letter that the Michigan Student Assembly's Environmental Issues Commission sent to the President and Regents of the University of Michigan, as called for by its Bhopal resolution

..........University of California, Berkeley student government. Resolution passed December 8, 2004.

..........University of Texas, Austin student government. Resolution passed February 14, 2006.

..........University of Texas, Austin graduate student assembly. Resolution passed February 21, 2006.

..........Wheaton College student government. Resolution passed April 24, 2003.

..........NRI letter to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in support of the March to Delhi and its demands. Signed by more than 30 NRI organizations and nearly 50 organizations in total.

..........Faculty Petition for Justice in Bhopal. Signed by more than 400 academics, worldwide.

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Animal's People
This novel by critically-acclaimed author Indra Sinha was short-listed for the 2007 Man Booker Prize. Set in the fictional city of Kaufpur (read: Bhopal) this book brings the gas survivors to life, as well as those who fight on their behalf. This review, written by longtime Bhopal campaigner Sathyu Sarangi, explains further:

Many of you have read Indra's pieces on bhopal.net, the 777 newsletters and scores of campaign material he has produced in the last fourteen years. imagine all of that anger, sadness, laughter, bawdiness, absurdity and flights of power defying imagination in one book - thats Animal's People. It is an intimately gripping story told by 'Animal' a young survivor of the 'apokalis' [apocalypse] in the city of Khaufpur. Everybody calls him Animal because he lopes on his feet and hands due to his bent spine - damage caused by the gases of the apokalis. He lies, cheats, peeps at bathing women, thinks unprintable thoughts, dreams wet dreams, verges on betraying the cause for justice but throughout remains starkly real and immensely lovable. The people around Animal are fellow survivors, activists, American do gooders, musicians, government officials, lumpens and lust objects. Together it is the story of the have-nothings fighting the have-alls and winning. Khaufpur is as close or far from Bhopal as you want it to be but I am sure you will enjoy the retelling of the many campaigns that all of you have been part of and recognise the intricacies of wickedness and resistance in a gassed city. For sure it has the power to make a whole new set of people curious and potentially sympathetic to the ongoing struggle of Bhopal. The book is published in England and available on Amazon UK . Please forward this and encourage friends to buy this brilliant book.

You can read extracts at www.indrasinha.com, and each copy ordered from Amazon UK via Indra's website earns 60 pence (€1 / US $1.20) for the Bhopal Medical Appeal

The Bhopal Reader
A remarkable and devastating compendium of primary and secondary sources on the disaster, and essential reading for anyone interested in Bhopal.

This new book on the notorious Bhopal gas leak shows why this industrial disaster has become a permanent symbol of corporate irresponsibility and technological abandon for the citizens of our planet. The tragedy unleashed by an American multinational corporation (Union Carbide) killed more than 15,000 people on the night of December 3, 1984 in the densely populated Indian city of Bhopal.

A valuable reference text for industrial accidents and corporate crimes as well as a handbook for research, prevention and activism, the collection includes gripping first person stories of some of the 200,000 permanently-injured survivors, activists, journalists, scientists, doctors, government and corporate officials.

This anthology brings together never-before published testimonies, archival documents translated from Hindi, legal and scientific evidence and commentary, social analysis, and corporate perspectives on liability, with comprehensive introductions for each aspect of the disaster.

This chronicle of a 21-year campaign against two of the world’s most powerful chemical corporations, Union Carbide and Dow Chemical Co. (which now owns Union Carbide), parallels the emergence of public understanding of environmental safety and corporate accountability that Bhopal helped to create. In 1984, the deadly pesticide used in Bhopal and in the United States was hailed by agro business as part of its “green revolution.”

The Bhopal Reader documents forces that are even now bringing Bhopali women to the very doors of the corporation in protest. Some 21 years later, the drinking water is contaminated because Union Carbide never cleaned up its abandoned factory with bags of stored chemicals, causing genetic damage to yet another generation from the deadly methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas.

The book reports on the international Bhopal campaign being waged today by survivors, activists, lawyers, doctors —in India, the U.S., Britain and elsewhere around the world—for compensation for all the Bhopal victims. It takes its readers across continents, into newspapers, television stations, websites, courtrooms, shareholders annual meetings, campuses, and chemical plants.

The Bhopal Reader presents a valuable case study of the complexities of fighting for justice in a world increasingly overrun by the politics of corporate rule under globalization. Its voices herald the dialogues that will dominate this new century and The Bhopal Reader is the indispensable guide to understanding them.

Edited by Bridget Hanna, Ward Morehouse, and Satinath Sarangi. 2005, 307 pages. Read a review by SocialFunds.com.

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Based on detailed research, this book examines the causes, gives the background and traces the fallout – scientific, medical, legal and, most importantly, human – of the world’s worst industrial disaster.

Though the book was intended for young people, there has been a lot of interest from different kinds of organisations including colleges and others. This detailed but accessible style of information has had a wide appeal among people concerned about the issues involved.

“The connections and pathways to death and destruction are, indeed, intricate. So attempting to explain a complex issue like the Bhopal gas tragedy to teenagers is a truly daunting task. Suroopa covers a lot of ground in this slim volume, detailing most of the relevant issues and questions this 'alarm call for mankind' confronts human society with. These include the role of transnationals in a globalising economy, in particular corporate responsibility in a developing country; the technological impact of industrialisation, with a focus on the nature of technology used and its implications for safety; the medical impact of an industrial disaster; the legal aspect of liability and culpability of corporate bodies for accidents occurring in their plants; and the role of the government, its relationship to the corporate sector and its response to the medical, compensation and rehabilitation issues.” Read the rest of the review here.

By Suroopa Mukherjee. 2002, 48 pages.

Bhopal: The Inside Story
In Bhopal: The Inside Story, T.R. Chouhan, a former worker in the plant, tells for the first time what it was like to work in the factory that was destined to go down in history as the site of the world’s worst industrial catastrophe and recounts in detail how the disaster occurred.

In addition, personal testimonies and other eyewitness accounts from fifteen other workers disclose horrendous situations and practices in the factory, demolishing the carefully-nurtured myth that multinationals like Union Carbide always use "world-class" technology wherever they set up shop.

By T.R. Chouhan, with contributions by Claude Alvares, Indira Jaising and Nityanand Jayaraman. 2004, 195 pages. Updated second edition.

The Bhopal Saga: Causes and Consequences of the World's Largest Industrial Disaster
A valuable and up-to-date account of the disaster and the continuing disastrous health consequences.

The Bhopal Saga is an incisive analysis of the world’s worst industrial accident. This book contains a thorough review of most of what has been written about the incident since 1984. It discusses the conflicting stance of the Union Carbide Corporation and the Governments of India on the moral responsibility for the tragedy.

Eckerman’s analysis demonstrates that the two most important factors leading to the mega-gas leak were the design of the plant and the company policy of cutting back on expenses. The same analysis shows that negligence by the company and the authorities have critically affected the impact of the leakage on people’s lives.

By Dr. Ingrid Eckerman. 2005, 304 pages.

Five Past Midnight in Bhopal
The best selling author of such classic works as Is Paris Burning?, O Jerusalem, and The City of Joy, Dominique Lapierre is among the premier storytellers in the world today. In this book with acclaimed journalist Javier Moro, they chronicle the industrial disaster perpetrated by Union Carbide that poisoned over a half-million Bhopal is in one night. Weaving the stories of hundreds of American and Indian participants and eyewitness accounts into one unforgettable human tapestry, this book is a must read for anyone who cares about the world and its people.

Half of all royalties for this book go to the Dominique Lapierre City of Joy Indian Foundation to support humanitarian actions in Bhopal.

By Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro. 2002, 401 pages. Read this excellent review!

Trespass Against Us: Dow Chemical and the Toxic Century
From Agent Orange to Bhopal to silicone breast implants, Trespass Against Us chronicles the controversial legacy of Dow Chemical Company.

The Dow Chemical Company has been trespassing on private property for decades and getting away with it. The trespass in this case is harmful and it is toxic. For the transgressors at issue are man-made synthetic chemicals, more than 100,000 of which have been "invented" and let loose in the world since the 1930s. Yet many of these chemicals are toxic to life and have been doing harm for years, insinuating themselves into blood, body tissue, sperm and egg. "Body burdens" of toxic chemicals are now being measured in humans and wildlife all over the globe. The result is not a pretty picture: cancers, birth defects, poisoned workers, and polluted communities. The guilty parties in these transgressions, however, have not been brought to account, and they have not been stopped. To this day, "toxic trespass" continues, and it is poisoning all of us.

"Trespass Against Us is a chilling expose of corporate deceit and crime, with the collusion of the state authorities. It is a grim warning of what lies in store unless an aroused public places existing institutions under its supervision and control, and in the longer term dismantles illegitimate structures of power. The terrible story of Dow should provide an awakening and a stimulus to serious action." - Noam Chomsky

Trespass Against Us, the groundbreaking new book by investigative writer Jack Doyle, details dozens of cases in which poisonous chemical products and by-products produced by Dow Chemical Company have silently invaded the human body. According to Doyle, this constitutes a grave and unrecognized “toxic trespass” that should be prosecuted as any other type of infringement on property rights. “Personal and public health, human blood and body tissue, reproduction and developmental biology – these are the highest, most personal, most sacrosanct forms of property,” argues Doyle. “Yet chemical companies like Dow are regularly violating – trespassing – on human health and well being.”

By Jack Doyle. 2004, 512 pages. More information is available at the Trespass Against Us website.

An Unreasonable Woman: A True Story of Shrimpers, Politicos, Polluters, and the Fight for Seadrift, Texas
The gripping true story of one woman’s fight to save her town and her way of life from deadly industrial chemicals.

Diane Wilson, fourth-generation shrimp-boat captain and mother of five, proves that one “ordinary” woman can force a giant chemical company to change its ways. When Wilson learns that she lives in the most polluted county in the United States, she launches a campaign against a multi-billion-dollar corporation that has been covering up spills, silencing workers, flouting the EPA, and dumping lethal ethylene dichloride and vinyl chloride into the bays along her beloved Texas Gulf Coast.

"I don't often gush, but this book had me fascinated form the first page and whomper-jawed half the time. A voice like Diane Wilson's, a working class woman with five kids who was dragged into an unbelievable environmental war is so rare. For one thing, if you have five kids and a job, not to mention a battle with an international chemical company on your hands, it's hard to get around to writing. And to write this well is a stunning achievement." - Molly Ivins

An Unreasonable Woman is a page-turner to rival stories like Erin Brockovich, Silkwood, and The China Syndrome.

By Diane Wilson. 2005, 400 pages. More information is available at the An Unreasonable Woman website.

The Bhopal Tragedy: What Really Happened and What it Means for American Workers and Communities at Risk
A report for the Citizens Commission on Bhopal, this was the first book-length account of the Bhopal tragedy and its implications for American workers and communities exposed to similar risks. It addresses the key question of who was responsible for this catastrophic accident and probes the health and environmental, impact of the disaster which killed at least 5,000 people and injured more than 200,000. This book presents an entirely different view of true justice for the poor victims, with a detailed calculation of $4.1 billion (in l985 dollars) in compensation for economic losses alone. The authors gave what was then an up-to-date picture of the tangled web of litigation in U.S. and Indian courts, involving billions of dollars in claims.

By Ward Morehouse and M. Arun Subramaniam. 1986, 190 pages.

Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution
A revealing study of how two industries, the lead industry and the chemical industry, reacted when faced with information regarding the potential dangers of their products to human health during the twentieth century.

Deceit and Denial is unusual in a number of respects, including the fact that much of it is based on documents historians rarely if ever use in critical evaluations of corporate behavior. These documents include internal company correspondence, memos and minutes of meetings of both the lead and chemical industry trade associations and some of their member companies. The extensive cache of documents used for the book had become available through legal proceedings in cases involving injured children, consumers and workers.

By Gerald Markowitz and David Rosner. 2002, 464 pages. Read more at the Deceit and Denial website.

Advocacy after Bhopal: Environmentalism, Disaster, New Global Orders
The 1984 explosion of the Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, India was undisputedly one of the world's worst industrial disasters. Some have argued that the resulting litigation provided an "innovative model" for dealing with the global distribution of technological risk; others consider the disaster a turning point in environmental legislation; still others argue that Bhopal is what globalization looks like on the ground.

Kim Fortun explores these claims by focusing on the dynamics and paradoxes of advocacy in competing power domains. She moves from hospitals in India to meetings with lawyers, corporate executives, and environmental justice activists in the United States to show how the disaster and its effects remain with us. Spiraling outward from the victims' stories, the innovative narrative sheds light on the way advocacy works within a complex global system, calling into question conventional notions of responsibility and ethical conduct. Revealing the hopes and frustrations of advocacy, this moving work also counters the tendency to think of Bhopal as an isolated incident that "can't happen here."

By Kim Fortun. 2001, 488 pages.

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..........Bhopal, Sitting at the Edge of a Volcano... (1982) by Rajkumar Keswani, warning of disaster.
..........We All Live in Bhopal (1985). This famous and influential article helped establish Bhopal as a global concern. First published in the American radical ecological journal Fifth Estate.
..........Bhopal's Killer Plant (1985) by Rajkumar Keswani, from Express News Service (pdf)
..........Closure Facilitates Carbide's Plans (1985) by Rajkumar Keswani, from Express News Service (pdf)
..........Bhopal: Settlement or Sellout? (1989) by David Dembo, Global Pesticide Monitor.
..........Bhopal Lives (1991) by Suketu Mehta, Village Voice (pdf)
..........Long-term recovery from the Bhopal crisis (1996) by Paul Shrivastava.
..........The Culture of Union Carbide (1998) by Wil Lepkowski, Chemical and Engineering News (pdf)
..........Bhopal and the Age of Globalization (1999) by Gary Cohen.
..........Chemical Industry and Public Health: Bhopal as an Example (2001) by Ingrid Eckerman (pdf)
..........Bhopal Hunger Strike (2002) by Indra Sinha.
..........Bhopal: Holding Corporate Terrorists Accountable (2003) by Indra Sinha.
..........Bhopal's Poisonous Legacy (2004) by Gary Cohen

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The international student campaign to hold Dow accountable for Bhopal, and its other toxic legacies around the world.
For more information about the campaign, or for problems regarding this website, contact
Shana Ortman, the US Coordinator for the International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal.
Last updated: November 12, 2008


"The year 2003 was a special year in the history of the campaign for justice in Bhopal. It was the year when student and youth supporters from at least 30 campuses in the US and India took action against Dow Chemical or in support of the demands of the Bhopal survivors. As we enter the 20th year of the unfolding Bhopal disaster, we can, with your support, convey to Dow Chemical that the fight for justice in Bhopal is getting stronger and will continue till justice is done. We look forward to your continued support and good wishes, and hope that our joint struggle will pave the way for a just world free of the abuse of corporate power."

Signed/ Rasheeda Bi, Champa Devi Shukla
Bhopal Gas Affected Women Stationery Employees Union
International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal